Pelvic pain is very common among women. In fact, nearly 1 in 3 women experience it. The cause of this type of pain, and therefore treatment for it, can vary dramatically. Unfortunately, many cases go undiagnosed and unaddressed. If you’re experiencing pelvic pain, keep reading below for information on common causes.
Common Medical Conditions that Cause Pelvic Pain
- Menstrual Cramps and General Pain: One of the most common reasons for pelvic pain is menstrual cramps and general menstrual pain. Why does this happen? It’s your body’s reaction to your uterus contracting and shedding its lining.
- Ovulation: Ovulation occurs when the ovaries release an egg and additional fluid to travel down the fallopian tube and into the uterus. When the fluid then spreads to the pelvic area, it causes pain and irritation.
- Sexually Transmitted Infections: One of the first common signs of sexually transmitted infections, or STIs, is pelvic pain. This is especially true of gonorrhea or chlamydia.
- Appendicitis: This medical disease creates inflammation of the appendix and also causes severe pain along with nausea and trouble walking. It requires a trip to the emergency room to ensure your appendicitis does not rupture.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A common symptom of the gut disorder irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is pelvic pain. Regular gas, diarrhea, and constipation are all also signs of IBS.
- Ectopic Pregnancy: This medical condition occurs when the embryo plants itself outside of the uterus and begins to grow. This causes the sharp abdominal pain often commonly associated with this disease. It is a life-threatening issue that will require immediate medical attention.
- Endometriosis: Somewhat similar to the ectopic pregnancy, this is when the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of the womb. One of the symptoms of this disease is long-lasting.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Also called PID, this is an infection in the womb that later causes damage to the surrounding tissue. It’s not as common and normally occurs with complications from STIs or when bacteria enters the vagina.
- Urinary Tract Infections: Experiencing pelvic pain with Urinary Tract Infections (or UTIs) usually means that your medical condition has further progressed. It could be making its way to your kidneys, where it can cause very harmful damage. Head to the doctor’s office as soon as possible if you’re also experiencing painful urination.
- Urinary Stones: When urinary stones are passed through the kidneys into the bladder, pelvic pain is very common. These stones are created by a buildup of salts and minerals that break down urine. Unless the stones are particularly difficult to pass, they won’t require treatment.
- Ovarian Cysts: Ovarian cysts occur when the ovaries fail to release an egg and create growth. Some women can have particularly painful cysts, including pelvic pain as a common symptom.
- Uterine Fibroids: Another very common cause of pelvic pain is uterine fibroids, with about 20 percent to 80 percent of women develop fibroids by the time they reach age 50. Though most commonly they don’t cause symptoms, uterine fibroids are formed by lumps of muscle and fibrous tissue that grow inside the uterus.
- Tumor: The rarest out of all the medical conditions described above, pelvic pain can sometimes come from cancerous tumors developed in the urinary tract, reproductive system, and the gastrointestinal system.
Since pelvic pain can be connected to such a wide variety of conditions, the most important step to take is to speak with your physician. If you’re in need of a women’s health specialist, our expert team is here for you! Click here to schedule an appointment or give us a call at 770-385-8954.